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學校名稱輔仁大學
系所名稱物理學系
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學號487326013
研究生(中)魏佐芸
研究生(英)Wei Tso-yun
論文名稱(中)磷酸鹽系低溫封合玻璃之結構與彈性性質研究
論文名稱(英)Structure and Elastic Properties of Low-Temperature Sealing Phosphate Glasses
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指導教授(中)華魯根
指導教授(英)Hwa Luu-Gen
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關鍵字(中)磷酸鹽玻璃 低溫封合玻璃 彈性係數 紅外光譜 拉曼光譜
關鍵字(英)Phosphate Glasses Low-Temperature Sealing Elastic FTIR Raman
摘要(中)本論文選擇11種由56P2O5-10B2O3-4Al2O3-15Li2O-15Na2O加入鹼土族氧化物與過渡金屬氧化物成分磷酸鹽玻璃,利用紅外光反射、拉曼散射及超聲波量測來研究其對結構與彈性性質的影響。磷酸鹽氧化物玻璃加入金屬氧化物( B2O3, Al2O3, Li2O, Na2O, MgO, CaO, Fe2O3 , ZnO…)不但可以改善其化學抗耐性,同時對彈性性質也提高了。證實了加入金屬氧化物而形成的長鏈狀磷酸鹽結構相互糾纏使整個玻璃結構更緊密。
摘要(英)In the present study, an effort is made to understand how the structure and elastic (or mechanical) properties change with the composition of either alkaline-earth oxides or transition-metal oxides added into a 56P2O5-10B2O3-4Al2O3-15Li2O-15Na2O glass by infrared reflectivity, Raman scattering and ultrasonic pulse-echo measurement. When a modifier cation was incorporated into chain-like phosphate glasses, it will shorten the chain by disrupting the P-O-P bond and form ionic cross-bonding between the broken chains. These glasses exhibit higher values for Young’s modulus and bulk modulus than the pure P2O5 glass. The strengthening of the glass resulting in increased elastic modulus values is proposed to occur through chain entanglement mechanisms.
論文目次表索引 Ⅰ 圖索引 Ⅱ 第一章 簡介………………………………………………………01 第二章 理論分析…………………………………………………04 2.1紅外線吸收及反射………………………………………04 2.1-1紅外光選擇定則………………………………….04 2.1-2各種分子振動模態之簡介……………………….05 2.1-3離子晶體的色散現象…………………………….09 2.2彈性模型…………………………………………………16 2.2-1原子間的相互作用力…………………………….16 2.2-2離子晶體的晶格能……………………………….21 2.2-3彈性性質………………………………………….24 第三章 實驗裝置及方法…………………………………………29 3-1 紅外光譜實驗裝置………………………………………29 3-2 超聲波量測裝置…………………………………………36 3-3 實驗方法及過程…………………………………………39 第四章 實驗數據與結果……………………………………….43 4-1 磷酸鹽氧化物玻璃的紅外光譜………………………43 4-2 磷酸鹽氧化物玻璃的拉曼光譜………………………49 4-3 磷酸鹽氧化物玻璃的聲速測量及彈性係數計算……52 第五章 討論…………………………………………………….56 5-1 磷酸鹽氧化物玻璃之結構…………………………….56 5-2 Makishima和Mackenzie之彈性係數理論模型…….65 5-3 磷酸鹽氧化物玻璃樣品彈性性質之分析……………..70 第六章 結論………………………………………………………81 參考文獻…………………………………………………………...82
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