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記錄編號3362
狀態NC088FJU00462001
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學校名稱輔仁大學
系所名稱語言學研究所
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學號486286010
研究生(中)林學誼
研究生(英)Patricia Hsueh-Yi Lin
論文名稱(中)臺灣學齡兒童在習得會話主題選擇上的性別差異之發展研究
論文名稱(英)A Developmental Study of the Acquisition of Gender Differences in Conversational Topic Selections by Elementary School Children in Taiwan
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指導教授(中)許洪坤
指導教授(英)Joseph H. Hsu
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學位類別碩士
畢業學年度88
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語文別英文
關鍵字(中)兒童語言 語言習得 會話 主題 性別差異
關鍵字(英)child language language acquisition conversation topic gender difference
摘要(中)這一篇論文目的是要找出台灣學齡兒童對於男女差異的會話主題選擇上的習得。成人會針對不同性別的人談論不同的話題,因此才有所謂的”男人私房話” 與”女人私房話”。兒童需要習得這方面的知識才能在與人對談時,根據對方的性別適當地選擇話題。這份研究使用問卷,對象是台北市立光復國小一至六年級共368位學童。 這個資料庫是由男生及女生在與同性與異性交談時所選擇的話題而建立起來的。問卷經由輸入與整理後成為資料庫,並由三種統計結果呈現,分別是頻率分佈、百分比分佈與排名分佈。數據結果顯示出兒童對於同性或異性同儕在談話話題上的偏好。作者發現六歲與七歲的兒童尚未習得男女有別的話題選擇。到了八歲與九歲的階段,他們開始意識到一些話題選擇上的男女差異。當他們長到十歲與十一歲時,他們大部分都習得更多針對不同性別說話對象而選擇不同話題的知識,而在完成小學教育前,他們幾乎都已習得。 另外,在習得過程中,女生的習得似乎比男生稍早一些,這有可能是社會環境的因素所造成,尤其是中國社會傳統上對於男生與女生的要求與管教方式大不相同,而生理的因素或認知的因素對於女生的較早意識與習得的影響則相較較小。 期望這本論文能對性別與語言、兒童語言習得與社會語言學方面有些許的貢獻。
摘要(英)This thesis aims to find out the elementary school children’s acquisition of gender differentiated conversational topic selections. Adults talk about different topics with people of different sexes, and thus there is so-called “Men’s talk” and “Ladies’ talk”. Children need to acquire the knowledge to choose appropriately the topics according to the sex of the other party in a conversation. This study uses questionnaires to conduct a survey with 368 subjects in Taipei Municipal Kuang Fu Elementary School in downtown Taipei to find out how children acquire this competence. The database is set up with the topics that boys’ and girls’ would choose when they talk to the same-sex and the opposite-sex peers. The results are shown in frequency distribution, percentage distribution and topic rankings. The results show that the children’s preferences of topics for talking with the same-sex and the opposite-sex peers. I find out that children of ages six and seven have not yet acquired the gender-specific topic selections. They become a little aware of the gender differences at the ages of eight and nine. When they grow up into the ages ten and eleven, they have acquired more knowledge about the gender differences in topic selections, and before they complete their primary education, they have acquired the communicative competence. I hope that this thesis may have some contributions to the study of gender and language, child language acquisition and Sociolinguistics.
論文目次TABLE OF CONTENTS CHINESE ABSRACTi ENGLISH ABSTRACTii ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSiii TABLE OF CONTENTSv LIST OF TABLESviii CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Rationale1 1.2 Hypothesis2 1.3 Objectives3 1.4 Methodology4 1.4.1 Research Design4 1.4.2 Subjects5 1.4.3 Data Collection Method6 1.4.3.1 Why Use Questionnaire?6 1.4.3.2 Questionnaire Design6 1.4.4 Procedures9 1.4.5 Data Organization and Statistics11 1.5 Significance12 1.6 Organization of the Study12 CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF LITERATURE 2.1 Conversational Topic Selection Studies in Adults14 2.2 Child’s Acquisition of Gender-Differentiated Language17 2.3 The Development of Gender Roles17 2.3.1 Meaning of “Gender” and “Gender Roles”18 2.3.2 Influences on Gender Roles18 2.3.2.1 Biological Influences on Gender Roles18 2.3.2.2 Cognitive Influences on Gender Roles19 2.3.2.3 Social Environmental Influences on Gender Roles19 2.3.3 Age and Gender Role Development20 2.4 Psychosocial Development of Children21 2.5 Studies of gender differences in children conversation22 CHAPTER THREE: DATA ANALYSIS & FINDINGS 3.1 Group1: Age 624 3.1.1 Topics which Group 1 boys talk about25 3.1.2 Topics which Group 1 girls talk about27 3.1.3 Differences between boys and girls of age 629 3.2 Group2: Age 730 3.2.1 Topics which Group 2 boys talk about30 3.2.2 Topics which Group 2 girls talk about33 3.2.3 Differences between boys and girls of age 734 3.3 Group3: Age 835 3.3.1 Topics which Group 3 boys talk about35 3.3.2 Topics which Group 3 girls talk about38 3.3.3 Differences between boys and girls of age 840 3.4 Group4: Age 940 3.4.1 Topics which Group 4 boys talk about41 3.4.2 Topics which Group 4 girls talk about43 3.4.3 Differences between boys and girls of age 945 3.5 Group5: Age 1046 3.5.1 Topics which Group 5 boys talk about47 3.5.2 Topics which Group 5 girls talk about50 3.5.3 Differences between boys and girls of age 1052 3.6 Group6: Age 1155 3.6.1 Topics which Group 6 boys talk about56 3.6.2 Topics which Group 6 girls talk about59 3.6.3 Differences between boys and girls of age 1161 CHAPTER FOUR: DISCUSSION 4.1 Boys’ acquisition of gender-differentiated conversational topic selections65 4.2 Girls’ acquisition of gender-differentiated conversational topic selections75 4.3 Differences between boys’ and girls’ acquisition of gender-differentiated conversational topic selections82 CHAPTER FIVE: CONCLUSION 5.1 Summary87 5.2 Significance88 5.3 Suggestions for future studies89 BIBLIOGRAPHY91 APPENDIX I Questionnaire94 APPENDIX II Instructions to the questionnaire96 APPENDIX III English translation of the instructions98 APPENDIX IV Frequency distributions of topic selections100 APPENDIX V Percentage distributions of topic selections106 APPENDIX VI Rankings of each topic112
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異動記錄M admin Y2008.M7.D3 23:17 61.59.161.35