輔仁大學
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記錄編號5446
狀態NC093FJU00164002
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索書號
學校名稱輔仁大學
系所名稱兒童與家庭學系
舊系所名稱
學號492586020
研究生(中)林麗玲
研究生(英)Li-Ling Lin
論文名稱(中)青少年家人關係與幸福感之相關研究
論文名稱(英)Family Relationships and Adolescent Well-being
其他題名
指導教授(中)林惠雅
指導教授(英)Huei-Ya Lin
校內全文開放日期不公開
校外全文開放日期不公開
全文不開放理由
電子全文送交國圖.同意
國圖全文開放日期.2006.09.06
檔案說明電子全文
電子全文01
學位類別碩士
畢業學年度94
出版年
語文別中文
關鍵字(中)青少年、家人關係、婚姻衝突、共親職、依附、手足關係 、幸福感
關鍵字(英)adolescent, family relationships, marriage conflict, coparenting, attachment, sibling relationship, well-being
摘要(中)本研究主要目的是探究青少年家人關係與幸福感的現況,以及青少年家人關係和幸福感之關聯。本研究以台北縣市與父母同住且非獨生子女的國中生為研究對象,採用問卷調查法,有效問卷共計647份。 本研究主要發現,首先,青少年在知覺家人關係現況上,青少年知覺相當程度的與母親依附之「安全共感」和「信任尊重」、父母共親職之「支持合作」、與父親依附之「信任尊重」、和手足「互助分享」,而青少年知覺父母「婚姻衝突」、父母共親職之「批評抵制」、以及與父親依附之「安全共感」的程度不高。 在青少年幸福感現況和差異上,青少年感受相當程度的「生活滿意與掌控感」、「人際和諧」、及「整體幸福感」。青少年不會因為性別 上的差異,而在「生活滿意與掌控感」、「整體幸福感」上有所不同,然而女生知覺「人際和諧」的程度大於男生。而不同年級的青少年在幸福感各面向並無顯著差異。 在青少年家人關係與幸福感的關聯上,除了青少年知覺父母婚姻衝突之「衝突頻率」、「自我威脅感」與幸福感是顯著負相關外,其它家人關係與幸福感多為顯著正相關。在青少年背景變項與家人關係對幸福感的解釋力情形上,青少年知覺與父親依附之「信任尊重」、手足「互助分享」、與母親依附之「信任尊重」、「安全共感」及父母共親職之「批評抵制」等五個變項對青少年「生活滿意與掌控感」有顯著解釋力。另外,除了與母親依附之「安全共感」外,上述其餘變項對青少年「整體幸福感」也具有顯著解釋力。最後,手足「互助分享」、與母親依附之「信任尊重」、性別三變項對青少年「人際和諧」的幸福感有顯著解釋力。
摘要(英)The main goals of the present study are to investigate the adolescents’ perceptions of family relationships and their senses of well-being as well as the associations between their family relationships and well-being. The subjects of the study are 647 junior high school students chosen from Taipei City and Taipei County who live with their parents but not the only child. The results show that, first of all, adolescents have positive perceptions on several aspects of their family relationships, they are: “sense of security and empathy and rust and respect of the mother’s attachment”, “support and cooperation of parental coparenting”, “trust and respect of the father’s attachment”, and “cooperation and sharing between siblings”. On the other hand, adolescents do not perceive high levels of “marriage conflict between parents”, “critique and undermine of parental coparenting”, and “sense of security and empathy of father’s attachment”. Secondly, adolescents feel certain level of sense of well-being concerning the aspects of “life satisfaction and in control feeling”, “harmonious interpersonal relationship”, and “overall well-being”. The “life satisfaction and the in control feeling” and “overall well-being” do not differ due to gender differences. However, female students feel more “harmonious interpersonal relationship” than male students. In addition, adolescents with different grades show no significant differences on any aspects of sense of well-being. Thirdly, except for the adolescents’ perceptions of “the frequency of the parental marriage conflict”, and “the feeling of self-threat” which appear to be significant negative correlations, the correlations between other family relationships and adolescent well-being appear to be significantly positive. Finally, adolescents’ perceptions of “trust and respect of the father’s attachment”, “cooperation and sharing between siblings”, “trust and respect and sense of security and empathy of the mother’s attachment”, and “critique and undermine of parental coparenting” have significant associations with “life satisfaction and in-control feeling”. Except for the “sense of security and empathy of the mother’s attachment”, the above factors also significantly associated with adolescent “overall well-being”. Moreover, “cooperation and sharing between siblings”, “trust and respect of the mother’s attachment”, and gender reveal significant associations with adolescents’ “harmonious interpersonal relationship”.
論文目次目錄 第一章 緒論 第一節 研究動機與目的 1 第二節 名詞釋義 15 第二章 文獻探討 第一節 幸福感 19 第二節 家人關係─婚姻衝突 37 第三節 家人關係─父母共親職 49 第四節 家人關係─親子依附 61 第五節 家人關係─手足關係 80 第六節 性別、年級背景因素與幸福感之差異研究 91 第三章 研究方法 第一節 研究架構 93 第二節 研究問題與研究假設 96 第三節 研究樣本 99 第四節 研究工具 102 第五節 資料處理與統計方法 137 第四章 研究結果與討論 第一節 青少年家人關係現況分析與討論 138 第二節 青少年幸福感現況、差異分析與討論 142 第三節 青少年家人關係與幸福感之相關分析與討論 146 第四節 青少年不同背景及家人關係對幸福感之迴歸分析與討論 152 第五章 結論與建議 第一節 結論 163 第二節 研究限制與未來研究方向 166 第三節 實務建議 169 參考文獻 一、中文部分 175 二、英文部分 184 表目錄 表2-1-1 幸福感相關名詞的定義與著重點 20 表2-1-2 判斷理論分析摘要表 31 表2-1-3 幸福感相關理論對照表 32 表2-3-1 共親職相關量表 58 表2-4-1 依附轉化歷程模式 72 表2-5-1 不同生命週期手足關係之發展任務 85 表2-5-2 手足關係之分類 88 表3-3-1 抽樣學校及有效樣本資料 101 表3-4-1 「青少年父母婚姻衝突量表」預試問卷之項目分析摘要表 104 表3-4-2 「青少年父母婚姻衝突量表」預試問卷之因素分析摘要表 107 表3-4-3 「青少年父母婚姻衝突量表」預試問卷之各面向與整體之內部一致性 108 表3-4-4 「青少年父母共親職量表」預試問卷之項目分析摘要表 110 表3-4-5 「青少年父母共親職量表」預試問卷之因素分析摘要表 112 表3-4-6 「青少年父母共親職量表」預試問卷之各面向與整體之內部一致性 113 表3-4-7 「青少年與母親依附量表」預試問卷之項目分析摘要表 114 表3-4-8 「青少年與母親依附量表」預試問卷之因素分析摘要表 117 表3-4-9 「青少年與母親依附量表」預試問卷之各面向與整體之內部一致性 118 表3-4-10 「青少年與父親依附量表」預試問卷之項目分析摘要表 118 表3-4-11 「青少年與父親依附量表」預試問卷之因素分析摘要表 121 表3-4-12 「青少年與父親依附量表」預試問卷之各面向與整體之內部一致性 122 表3-4-13 「青少年手足關係量表」預試問卷之項目分析摘要表 123 表3-4-14 「青少年手足關係量表」預試問卷之因素分析摘要表126 表3-4-15 「青少年幸福感量表」預試問卷之項目分析摘要表 128 表3-4-16 「青少年幸福感量表」預試問卷之因素分析摘要表 131 表3-4-17 「青少年幸福感量表」預試問卷之各面向與整體之內部一致性 132 表4-1-1 青少年知覺家人關係各面向得分摘要表 140 表4-2-1 青少年幸福感各面向得分摘要表 143 表4-2-2 不同性別的青少年幸福感各面向得分之t考驗 143 表4-2-3 不同年級的青少年幸福感各面向得分之變異數分析摘要表 144 表4-3-1 青少年知覺家人關係與幸福感之相關總表 147 表4-4-1 各自變項之相關表 153 表4-4-2 各相關變項對幸福感的迴歸分析 156 圖目錄 圖2-4-1依附表徵的層級網絡運作模式 73 圖3-1-1 研究架構圖 94 附錄 附錄一 原始問卷與量表 200 附錄二 預試問卷 212 附錄三 正式問卷 222
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